On this day in 1985 Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev becomes the Soviet Union’s leader. Gorbachev, born on the 2nd of March 1931 became the seventh and final General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
He served in this role from 1985 to 1991 and was the final head of state for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) serving from 1988 until its collapse in 1991.
Gorbachev was the first Soviet leader to be born after the 1917 October Revolution. He was also the first leader of the country to visit China since the 60s.
He also recieved a Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for:
“his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community.”